Nigeria is preparing to become the world’s 20th largest economy by 2020 and is looking at how it can combine economic growth with low-carbon development to make the country more climate-resilient and less carbon-intensive.
Toward Climate-Resilient Development in Nigeria and Low-Carbon Development Opportunities for Nigeria, are two new reports which examine the many challenges Nigeria faces from potential climate change effects in several sectors. These studies are the result of a two-year long collaboration between the World Bank and the Government of Nigeria and identify specific technologies and management practices that could be applied to key economic sectors, including agriculture and land use, water resources, oil and gas, power, and transport.
Toward Climate-Resilient Development in Nigeria proposes ten practical short-term priority actions that could help to address the threats that climate change poses to Vision 20:2020. These actions include strengthening overall governance for climate action, enhancing agricultural research and extension services, integrating climate into the planning and design of water infrastructure, and promoting sustainable land management practices as part of the Government’s Agriculture Transformation Agenda.
Low-Carbon Development Opportunities for Nigeria examines how “low carbon” technologies and management options could be mainstreamed into Nigeria’s development pathway over the next 25 years; and finds that Nigeria can stabilize carbon emissions at 2010 levels, while at the same time reaping significant national benefits. These include:
- A more productive and climate-resilient agricultural sector
- Cheaper and more geographically-balanced power generation
- More efficient use of the country’s endowment of oil and gas resources
- Better provision of transport services, resulting in improved air quality and lower congestion
The report points to specific low-carbon actions:
- Tapping into renewable energy and energy efficiency
- Accelerating the reduction of harmful gas flaring
- Scaling up sustainable land management practices for achieving higher yields in agriculture
- Enhancing the fuel efficiency of vehicles and scale up mass transit, to make road transport cheaper and cleaner.