Description: Commonly referred to as COP18/CMP8, the 2012 sessions will mark the 18th Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC and the 8th session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the parties to the Kyoto Protocol. The sessions are expected to draw more than 17000 people to Doha as representatives of 195 nations and more than 5,000 observer organizations participate in nearly three weeks of work and negotiations on climate change treaties and agreements.
Since the United Nations Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) entered into force in 1995, the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the UNFCCC have been meeting annually to assess progress in dealing with climate change. The COP adopts decisions and resolutions, published in reports of the COP.
Successive decisions taken by the COP make up a detailed set of rules for practical and effective implementation of the Convention. The COP serves as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, which also adopts decisions and resolutions on the implementation of its provisions. This annual meeting is referred to as the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP). However, Parties to the Convention that are not Parties to the Protocol are able to participate in the CMP as observers, but without the right to take decisions.
Who can participate:
As with previous United Nations (UN) Climate Change conferences, participation at COP 18 and CMP 8 will be restricted to appropriately nominated representatives of Parties, observer States, accredited observer organizations and accredited members of the media.
Those Parties to the Convention that are not Parties to the Protocol may participate as observers in the meeting of the Parties.Thousands of participants from government representatives to observer organizations take part in sessions. The COP 15 in Copenhagen in 2009 attracted over 24,000 delegates, including some 10,590 government officials, over 13,000 representatives of UN bodies and agencies, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, and 3,221 accredited media members. The 2010 COP 16 / CMP 6 in Cancun, Mexico had over 11,800 participants.